FACTS ABOUT ISRO
India's ISRO rose to prominence as one of the world's top space agencies for science and human space exploration after launching its first satellite Aryabhata, raising the Indian flag on the moon, and successfully landing on Mars on its maiden try.
- In 1969, Dr. Vikram Sarabhai established ISRO. He is credited with founding the Indian space program. The Chnadrayaan 2 lander was known as the "Vikram lander" in honor of him.
- The ISRO's first satellite, Aryabhata, was launched on April 19, 1975, with Russia's assistance. The renowned astronomer Aryabhata is credited for discovering pi's approximate value as well as inventing zero. As a result, this satellite was given a name.
- India is the fourth nation to fly its flag on the moon thanks to Chandrayaan 1, the country's maiden lunar mission, which was launched in 2008 to gather scientific data on the moon's minerals, geology, and terrain. Several people also think the project was unsuccessful since ISRO lost communication with the spacecraft before it had spent a full year in orbit. This mission was carried out successfully by Chandrayaan 2 & Chandrayaan 3.
- One of the six space organizations in the world that are able to construct and launch satellites from its own territory is ISRO. Using the Indian rocket Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle from Andhra Pradesh, it set a new world record in 2017 for launching the most satellites in a single flight. Out of 104 satellites, 101 were foreign satellites.
- It's interesting to note that, in 1963, bicycles were used to transport pieces of the first rocket to a church in Thiruvananthapuram. The Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre is the new name for this church. The 17-ton Satellite Launch Vehicle-3 (SLV-3) was India's first experimental SLV and was launched into space by ISRO under the direction of APJ Abdul Kalam, who eventually assumed the office of President of India.
- The Indian counterpart of Google Earth, Bhuvan is a web-based 3D satellite imaging program that was created by ISRO.
- The three horizontal lines of "Vibhuti" and "Kumkum," which are the same as those on Lord Shiva's forehead, are present on all of ISRO's equipment.
- Before every satellite launch, scientists visit Sri Kshetra Dharmasthala and offer prayers to Lord Manjunathaswamy. Puja is also offered as a miniature model of the satellite.
- ISRO’s Apple Satellite was carried on a bullock cart for an antenna-range test in 1981. It was done so because bullock carts are made of wood, and the alternative trucks are made of metals, which would interfere with the signals.
- ISRO was established eight years after Pakistan’s SUPARCO. SUPARCO is expected to have satellite launching capability only after 2040, while ISRO expects to reach Venus and revisit Mars by then.
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