The Socio-Economic and Caste Census 2011 gathers information on the social economic status of rural and urban households and establishes a rank based on preset criteria. The study was carried out by three different departments of the Indian government :
The Department of Rural Development, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, and the Ministry of Home Affairs.
The data from SECC and the census data are similar but not exactly the same. This is because the census was done in 2011 and the SECC was done in 2011 and 2012, with some states taking longer.
The census act of 1948 requires the government to keep the personal information of people private. The population census is done to give overall clarity and not focus on any individual or family. The information given to the population census is kept secret. However, the information given to the Socio-Economic Census is available to the government to give or deny benefits to households. To make sure the data was correct the government allowed people to check the information and raise objections in 2012. The process took longer than expected because more than 1.4 crore households had objections.
For surveying, government employees will ask questions and a computer worker hired by the Consortium of Central Public Sector Enterprise will enter the response on a handheld device. After the questions are asked each household will get a receipt.
The handheld devices were provided by Bharat electronics limited.
The principal secretaries of the State/Union territory were in charge of Rural or Urban Development, depending on the area for conducting the survey. Surveys will be handled by the collectors or the district magistrates and tahsildars are the videos and the other people lower down in the revenue development system. For the survey people who are not teachers will be appointed as enumerators. People such as patwaris, asha workers, Anganwadi workers, municipal workers, and postal workers were chosen to do the survey.
Step by step method was used for training. The trainers at the national level would train the trainers at the state level, then the trainers from the state level would train the trainers at the district level, and ultimately the trainers at the district level would train the enumerators and the supervisors.