Alzheimer's disease or dementia is a mental decay that gradually reduces one’s ability of thinking and their thought process. Symptoms of the disease begin to show in most patients in their mid-60s and today even in their 50s. And to say, this can also occur in the age group of 30-60 years.
o Still one of the indications of Alzheimer's disease includes the plaques and tangles in the brain.
o The brain's loss of connections between nerve cells, or neurons, is another characteristic.
o The neurons deliver the messages of actions and reactions to our brain and then we react accordingly, but here the nerve cells of the brain weaken due to which people are not able to think and react properly.
o This disease can also occur due to intricate brain alterations. The entorhinal cortex, hippocampus, and other memory-related brain regions are first damaged. Later, it impacts the other parts of the brain like the cerebral cortex that are involved in language, thought, and social interaction. Eventually, the brain's many other regions suffer harm.
There are many symptoms which are said by the doctors but memory loss is one of the major and the most commonly seen symptom by the patients as well. People also start to behave differently and their actions change too.
Problems the patients face:
o Alzheimer's patients struggle with simple tasks like driving a car, preparing food, paying their bills, etc.
o They could repeatedly ask the same questions, become disoriented quickly, misplace items or put them in strange locations, and find even the most basic of tasks to be challenging.
o Some individuals become disturbed, anxious, distressed, and irritated as the illness worsens.
So, Alzheimer’s care is very important for people who have elder people in their homes who may or may not be suffering from such conditions. And thus, it is not only the responsibility of the family members but also of the people in the society to look for such people who need help in such cases and can reach out for dementia care. So, the question is how can we take care of people suffering from Alzheimer’s and dementia;
We can help our older people with this kind of disorder by;
o Increasing their home safety- By saying the increase in home safety we mean that these people forget about their home addresses whenever they go out, they forget what they were supposed to do even sitting in one place for some work. They pick up things that they should not, like, knives, match sticks, lighters, etc because they may not remember how and where to use them.
o Design a Schedule- Designing a schedule means that you have to make a routine or say a timetable for people with dementia so that they know what they are supposed to do and at what times.
o Taking care of the distractions- It is also important to keep in your notice the particular distractions that the person is facing because if any of the things nearby distracts them it is possible that they reach out towards them and may harm themselves.
o Remain calm and composed- Alzheimer’s and Dementia are diseases that need to look at very calmly and the person who is taking care of the patient has to be serene and have to make sure that the patient is also undisturbed.