Indian Railways runs the elevated, auxiliary power Vande Bharat Express, formerly known as Train 18. The government-owned Integral Coach Factory (ICF), which is based in Chennai, created and produced it.
In honor of the fact that Train 18 was totally made in India, it was dubbed the Vande Bharat Express on January 27, 2019.
It was designed with low maintenance costs and efficient operations in mind. The train started running on February 15, 2019. Even if the price of one piece of the passenger train is roughly 115 crore (14 million US dollars), this value can be reduced if bulk manufacturing starts.
Constructed in the Mid-Fifties developed Mainline Electric Multiple Unit (MEMU) technologies. Over the past 25 years, MEMU technology has been developed at Integral Coach Manufacturing. Similar to Train-18, the Indian Railways was thinking about introducing a new line of MEMU trains for city-to-city travel.
The decision to build trains autonomously in India was made after Indian Railways opened a bid for train production in June 2015, but no offers were received that satisfied the requisite requirements. Upon the launch of the Gatimaan Express in 2016, the Indian Railways reached a top speed of 160 km/h (99 mph). Because of the anticipated date of completion, 2 additional trains that would be produced at ICF were unveiled and given the moniker "Train-2018."
In October 2018, the "Train-2018” production was finished. The train reached the speed of the vehicle of 180 km/h during the test runs.
India conducted the first-ever practice run at about this pace with an LHB coach train in 2000, according to speed certifications for LHB coach railways on the RDSO website. The Vande Bharat Express, however, is quicker.